What is diabetes
Today we are going to discover some of the aspects of Diabetes management. For that first of all, we have to understand what exactly is Diabetes. Diabetes is also known as Diabetes Mellitus.
The bad lifestyle is the reason behind diabetes.Chronic hyperglycemia the increased level of sugar in the blood is the reason behind this disease.
There is a certain rate of sugar ratio in our blood, according to our metabolism. When the sugar level increases the disease is considered as diabetes.
How to diagnose diabetes
The sugar level is divided into two categories. One is fasting which is on empty stomach and other is non-fasting that is post eating. During fasting, if the sugar level of blood is >125 mg/dl then it is clear that the person has Diabetes.`
Like that after 2hrs of eating something if the blood sugar level indicates >145 mg/dl then this is also a sign of Diabetes. This is the reason Diabetes management is very necessary.
Diabetes has another diagnosis that is via glycosylated hemoglobin HbA1C. If the level of HbA1C found more than <7% then this is a clear sign of Diabetes. This level indicates the blood sugar level for pars 3 to 6 months.
Types of Diabetes
There are two types of Diabetes, namely type-1 and type-2.Even in the time of pregnancy, Diabetes can found for the first time in the body of a pregnant female. This type of diabetes is called Gestational Diabetes Mellitus.
About type 1 Diabetes
Here are some quick information about type 1 Diabetes
1. Mostly this type of diabetes can be seen in children. Insulin is a kind of hormone which extracts from beta cells of the pancreas.
2. If the beta cells stop working for any reason, the insulin extraction stops.
3. Insulin is that hormone which helps in digestion food and converts it into energy.
4. Without insulin, our body can not control the sugar level. Diabetes management is thus very important.
So this is all about type 1 Diabetes. It is seen in children because of the destroyed or autoimmune beta cell. So you can call it an inborn defect that the insulin does not make up the body and thus causes Diabetes.
About type 2 diabetes
1. Now a day 95% people are affected by type 2 Diabetes.
2. In case of type 2 Diabetes, a body does produce insulin but not in enough quantity.
3. Insulin cannot work properly in case of type 2 Diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes can be formed due to any other diseases. This type 2 diabetes mainly depends upon the lifestyle. Overweight is a crucial reason behind Diabetes type 2. Obesity is an important cause of becoming type 2 diabetic.
Symptoms of Diabetes
Below I am describing some common symptoms of Diabetes
1. Feeling thirsty in little time
2. Hunger incensement
3. Sudden weight gain
4. Tiredness and weakness
5. Late curing injuries
7. Incensement of urine
8. Low immunity
9. Dysfunctionality of kidney
10. Etching problem etc.
If someone’s parents are diabetic then the chance of Diabetes is 50 % on the person. If you see any of above symptoms please consult a doctor for Diabetes Management.
Why is fast food very bad for our health?
The human body is made for a balanced diet. Fast food is not a balanced diet. The fat content is more in fast food. That’s why you should avoid eating fast food for Diabetes Management. The more fat content in the fast foods misbalance our metabolism and thus cause imbalanced insulin extraction. This is called insulin insensitivity. So for proper Diabetes management weight management is very necessary.
Diabetes can damage organs like eye, heart, kidney etc. The blood sugar hits the organs and they become dysfunctional. The diabetic patient can develop heart problem 10 years earlier than usual.
Commonly three types of diseases can be found in Diabetes.
1. Diabetic neuropathy
2. Diabetic nephropathy
3. Diabetic retinopathy
How to Prevent Diabetes
By now you know the reason behind diabetes and what are the symptoms of diabetes. Now we will discuss the prevention and Diabetes management.
There are two main reasons behind diabetes. First, it is diet and second lifestyle. There are some other reasons also for physical activity, exercise etc.
To prevent diabetes we should take some little changes in our daily lifestyle. Physical exercise like yoga, pranayama, swimming, cycling is very necessary for Diabetes management.
Even meditation can do so many wonders for your diabetes control system. It will reduce the stress level thus the sugar level.
In addition to that, it is very important to look after the diet in terms of prevention of diabetes. So prevention is very important and it starts with lifestyle modification and right diet.
Diet in Diabetes management
The diabetic patient should avoid eating sugar in any form. Whether it is sweets, sweet chocolates or even sweet fruits like mango, litchi, jackfruit etc. In case of vegetables, high carbohydrates should be avoided like the potato. A diabetic patient can take lentils. Lentils are a high source of protein. So whole dal is good for the diabetic patient.
If we reduce our physical activity, the expenditure of calorie by the body decreases. We are eating food but do not burn it through physical activity. So these kinds of people should take some time in the whole day do some physical activity.
The target should be weekly 5 to 6 days. The right time for doing exercise is 1to 1.30 hr after the meal. Morning walk is the best exercise one can do. Do it every day for 30 to 45 mints.
The weight loss will start immediately. Before you start exercising, please check the blood sugar level on your body. Also, ask your doctor about the specific heart rate of yours. Nowadays corporate culture is also concerned about reducing the mental stress level and giving many facilities.5 mints of music, yoga or mind refreshment can reduce your stress level which is very important for Diabetes management.
So this was pretty much about diabetes and Diabetes management. I hope this article will help you.
Every year 14th November is celebrated as Diabetes day to increase consciousness about Diabetes. For more health-related articles visit www.onlinekarmabarta.com
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